Innovative programs for targeted climate action - a successful model

Nitrogen fertilization as a source of greenhouse gas emissions

Nitrogen fertilizers are the second largest source of greenhouse gases in Swiss agriculture.

The use of nitrogen fertilizers is the second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Switzerland’s agricultural sector. Nitrous oxide, a potent greenhouse gas also known as N2O, is released as a byproduct of the bacterial conversion of nitrogen in agricultural soils, the so-called nitrification and denitrification processes. Further emissions result indirectly from nitrogen lost in the form of ammonia and nitrate through volatilization and leaching.

Modern climate protection in Switzerland’s agricultural sector

Modern additives to fertilizer formulations stabilize the nitrogen in its ammonia form, thereby considerably reducing nitrous oxide emissions. Due to their cost, however, these nitrification inhibitors are rarely deployed in Europe as well as worldwide.

In Switzerland, First Climate operates a unique program to promote the use of climate-friendly fertilizers and help grow their market share. By making climate-friendly fertilizers available at discounted prices, the program will render them more affordable for farmers.

The program makes use of the compensation mechanism established in Switzerland’s CO2-Law. This mechanism allows reductions of greenhouse gas emissions to be certified and transferred to third parties if the underlying project activities meet certain criteria.

Which fertilizers are supported by the program?

At this time, the program is limited to a single product, called ENTEC 26. First Climate launched this program in October 2016 after the Swiss Federal Office of Environment granted the necessary approvals. Further subprograms are currently under development, including for the promotion of nitrification inhibitors used in combination with organic fertilizers (manure).

How can I take advantage of the ENTEC 26 program?

The ENTEC 26 program is targeting Swiss importers of ENTEC 26 as participants. Since October 2016, farmers and other downstream buyers in Switzerland benefit directly from discounted prices for ENTEC 26 without any further ado.
The ENTEC 26 program is financed by the KliK Foundation. Find out more about the KliK Foundation >>
Omya (Schweiz) AG is an importer participating in the program and selling ENTEC 26 at a discounted priceFind out more about Omya and ENTEC 26 >>


Dr. Jochen Gassner
  +49 6101 55 658 55

TÜV-Zertifikat "Geprüfte Kompensation"

Urs Brodmann
  +41 44 298 28 00

Landfill gas program in Latin America for the Climate Cent Foundation

Due to the low market price for carbon certificates, CDM projects for the usage and destruction of landfill gas are no longer cost-effective. Projects were therefore discontinued at numerous landfills in Latin America and other regions. As a result, methane, a potent greenhouse gas produced in landfills, is once again released into the atmosphere.

The Swiss Climate Cent Foundation has mandated First Climate to implement a program to support discontinued landfill gas projects. Running from 2016 until 2020, the program is targeting small and medium-sized landfills in Latin America. On behalf of the Foundation, First Climate funds eligible projects by purchasing the resulting emission reductions.

Swiss landfill gas program for the KliK Foundation

Since 2000, landfilling of waste with organic components, such as household waste and sewage sludge, is prohibited in Switzerland. However, methane continues to be released at many landfill sites from the decomposition of waste materials already in the landfill. The use of landfill gas for energy purposes or its destruction by means of an ordinary flare is not often possible due to the low methane concentration.

The KliK Foundation funds abatement measures at Swiss landfills through the purchase of certified emission reductions. Two technologies are applied; intensified aeration of the landfill to decrease methane formation, and combustion of methane in special lean gas flares.

First Climate advised the KliK Foundation in the design phase of the program and is now supporting its implementation.

More information about the funding program and the KliK Foundation can be found here. >>




Yves Keller
  +41 44 298 28 00

Luzia Bieri
  +41 44 298 28 00

Urs Brodmann
  +41 44 298 28 00