Mitigating emissions for entire countries and sectors

Under the Paris Agreement, the governments of most countries are now preparing their concrete plans, also known as “Nationally Determined Contributions” (NDC) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions..

Specifically  in developing countries, there is a need to move towards the implementation of these low-emission development plans. This also includes the design of sectorial action plans and measures, known as “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions” (NAMAs).

Low-emission development: what we offer

We support government agencies and international organizations in drafting and implementing their low-emission development strategies and plans:

  • Preparation and analysis of national mitigation plans (NDCs)
  • Preparation of NAMA concepts
  • Connecting donor and recipient governments for financing measures
  • Design and implement technical assistance projects for developing countries towards the implementation of their NDCs, in the context of sustainable development (SD), including through mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology transfer (TT) and capacity building (CB).


These approaches shall aim to:

(a) Promote mitigation and adaptation ambition;

(b) Enhance public and private sector participation in the implementation of NDCs; and

(c) Enable opportunities for coordination across instruments and relevant institutional arrangements.


Technology and financial expertise under one roof

Governments and international organizations rely on our support for the development and marketing of emissions mitigations plans. First Climate also has extensive experience in the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of emission reductions resulting from such plans.


Reference project: Lebanon

On behalf of the United Nations Development Programme, we have developed two NAMA concepts for the Lebanese Government. In the transport sector, a car scrapping program will rejuvenate the country’s fleet by replacing obsolete and emission-intensive vehicles. In the waste sector, different measures will be implemented for the waste-to-energy conversion and reduction of methane emissions.



First Climate is proud on its work on the report “MRV in practice– connecting bottom-up and top-down approaches for developing national MRV systems for NDCs” that was published in 2018 in collaboration with Grue + Hornstrup. The report is a knowledge product that provides practical advice for stakeholders involved in designing and implementing robust and integrated national MRV systems for NDCs in developing countries. The primary objective of this knowledge product is to sensitize the different actors for the necessary coordination and alignment of different MRV systems in the country. This should help to better harmonize already existing MRV systems and new systems under development (e.g. for NDCs) and to consider possible synergy effects and cross-cutting aspects between different approaches and different MRV systems. The document provides practical examples for the application of such MRV systems.

or direct:
Derisking Renewable Energy Investment: Lebanon
First Climate is proud to be part of the lead author team for the UNDP report “Derisking Renewable Energy Investment: Lebanon”. UNDP is working with the Government of Lebanon to support the country’s energy supply security by means of low-carbon technologies. The in 2017 published report was written in close collaboration of First Climate with UNDP and local Lebanese consultants with the objective to analyse the most cost-effective public derisking measures to promote private sector investment in large-scale wind energy and solar PV in Lebanon. The report sets out the results from a quantitative, investment-risk informed modelling analysis. Modelling data has been obtained from structured interviews with private sector investors and developers. The report was prepared in close coordination with both the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Energy the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) 2016-2020, the Government of and Water as well as Electricité du Liban (EDL). The report is part of a larger publication series from UNDP about derisking renewable energy investments.
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action in Lebanon’s Municipal Solid Waste Sector
Under the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme with the aim to engage public sector and industry to design and implement approaches to low emission development that are consistent with national development priorities, First Climate was honoured to be assigned to develop together with Grue + Hornstrup and ECODIT the Design Document for the “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) in Lebanon’s Municipal Solid Waste Sector”. The overall purpose of this NAMA is to identify and describe concrete actions needed for the Municipal Solid Waste Sector in Lebanon to improve the process leading to higher efficiency and to achieve a transformational shift towards higher sustainable development standards and for reducing GHG emissions. The document addresses a variety of key issues and challenges in Lebanon’s solid waste sector, ranging from legislative support to achieve formal ratification of waste-related jurisdictions, the implementation of waste collection and management centres at which waste sorting can take place, LFG collection and utilization and implementing Waste to Energy (WtE) facilities based on waste incineration.

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action in Lebanon’s Private Road Transport Sector (FEVs)
Facing high congestion and heavy reliance on an aging, private car and micro-bus fleet in the Greater Beirut Area, Lebanon developed a Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) to achieve a transition towards fuel-efficient vehicles in the private transport sector. The NAMA will complement the development of improved public transport systems down the road. First Climate had the pleasure to work on this topic together with Grue + Hornstrup and ECODIT and develop the NAMA proposal and design document “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action in Lebanon’s Private Road Transport Sector (FEVs)” that was published in 2017. This project proposes a car fleet renewal system accompanied by a scrapping programme to introduce fuel-efficient cars in the market and dispose of old polluting cars in an environmentally sound way. The NAMA has been approved by the Council of Ministers in 2017 and accordingly, a tax incentive scheme on hybrid and electric cars has been enacted in 2018 (Law 79/2018). The NAMA was developed under the UNDP Low Emission Capacity-Building (LECB) Programme.


Dr. Jochen Gassner
  +49 6101 55 658 55

TÜV-Zertifikat "Geprüfte Kompensation"

Jonathan Schwieger
  +41 44 298 28 00