Optimizing climate policy

The strengthening of climate policy instruments has for years been an ongoing task for the governments of industrialized countries. With the Paris Climate Agreement concluded in December 2015, developing countries are now also facing the question of how to frame and deliver their contributions to climate action. One option is to adopt the experience of countries that have already implemented climate policy instruments, such as:

  • Emission trading systems (Cap & Trade)
  • Carbon taxes
  • Finding instruments such as feed-in tariffs or project-based CO2-certificates (Baseline & Credit)
  • Legal standards
  • Voluntary targets with industry associations and companies

Advice and analysis for governments and organizations

Government decision makers benefit from our comprehensive experience in designing and implementing customized climate policy instruments. Our range of services includes:

  • Consultation on international experiences with various instruments as well as their interactions
  • Quantitative impact assessment
  • Capacity building support


Shaping climate policy from the very beginning

Switzerland has operated a sophisticated system of interwoven climate policy instruments over the last ten years. Right from the beginning, First Climate has been involved in establishing and expanding this system. First Climate has also contributed to shaping climate policies in several Member States of the European Union.


Reference work: Finland

Towards the end of 2012, it became clear that the market mechanisms established under the Kyoto Protocol were  losing their significance. The emissions trading system became the only relevant carbon market instrument in Europe. However, EU Member States are free to implement their own mechanisms for project-based carbon trading.

The Finnish Environment Ministry commissioned First Climate to review design options for a domestic, project-based carbon trading system. With a focus on the transport, building and agricultural sectors, we completed a successful analysis of the potential, on behalf of the Finnish government.


Dr. Jochen Gassner

  +49 6101 55 658 55

TÜV-Zertifikat "Geprüfte Kompensation"

Nikolaus Wohlgemuth

  +41 44 298 28 00