Uganda: Efficient cook stoves help to reduce deforestation
Uganda currently loses about 2% of its forest cover annually, fuel wood use being the second driver after land-clearing. Around 95% of Ugandan households use wood fuel as a primary energy source for cooking. Wood fuels include both the direct use of firewood and the use of charcoal. Urban dwellers use predominantly metal charcoal stoves. In rural areas, households still mostly burn firewood in traditional three-stone fireplaces. The demand for wood puts Uganda’s forests under tremendous pressure. In addition, smoke from indoor cooking also causes respiratory diseases, particularly among women and children. Globally, the World Health Organisation attributes approximately 4,3 million premature deaths per year to indoor air pollution.
The project focuses on the Ugandan capital Kampala. In total, by the end of 2013 the project had promoted the commercialization of up to 350,000 cook stoves. The improved charcoal cook stoves achieve fuel savings of 35% to 50% compared to conventional metal stoves. Users also enjoy a much healthier cooking environment since the cleaner burning stoves cause significantly less smoke and fewer carbon monoxide emissions
Sustainable Development – The Sustainable Development Goals
While focusing on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, all our projects also generate multiple co-benefits. These are supportive of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
By supporting this project you’ll contribute to the following SDGs:
Good health and well-being: Improved cook stoves reduce the emission of harmful substances. Air pollution from cooking with solid fuel is a key risk factor for childhood acute lower respiratory infections, as well as for respiratory, cardiovascular and ocular diseases. According to the WHO, every year almost 20,000 people in Uganda die from indoor pollution.
Decent work and economic growth: An average family can cut their charcoal use by some 300 kilograms per year. This saving – equivalent to about 110 USD – is substantial considering that the per capita income in Uganda is about 600 USD (World Bank). The project has also generated about 230 positions for local artisans constructing the stoves and more than 900 retail positions selling them, thereby increasing income for the local population.
Life on land: In Uganda, only about 8% of the harvested wood originates from renewable sources. Efficient cook stoves reduce demand for wood or charcoal, therefore easing pressure on forest resources in Uganda. This yields direct benefits like slowing soil erosion, the destruction of natural habitats and loss of biodiversity.